Tuesday, July 26, 2016

War as a False Religion

The last 15 years of wars have been enlightening to me about how some people react to them. The last few wars the U.S. was in -- the first Iraq war, the "war" on Serbia, and Panama -- were so short I couldn't draw any conclusions. We haven't been in such a long conflict since Vietnam -- and for people born since then, for all they know about it, it might as well have been a century ago.

I was a kid during Vietnam, too little to pay that much attention. I do remember the ghoul Robert McNamara, who'll be washing several million gallons of blood off his hands for a long time to come. He was such a catastrophe, and so incompetent, he made Donald Rumsfeld look like a tactical and logistical genius.

I also remember the evil, power-mad Lyndon Johnson. LBJ, a pathological liar (as all true politicians are), said he would get us out of Vietnam and instead escalated the war. Then after his first term he ran away, dumping the war in Richard Nixon's lap. Close to two-thirds of the casualties in Vietnam occurred during Johnson's administration. There is a special place in Hell for him, as there is for McNamara.

But now, with these current wars, so I've had plenty of time to think about the effects of war on some people. The conclusion I've come to is that war, for some people, is a religion.

Admittedly it is a false religion, but it is a religion nonetheless. The word "religion" means "to tie, fasten or bind." That is exactly what war does to some people -- it brings them together into a community. It gives meaning and importance to their lives. And that makes war a religion, albeit a ghastly one.

Robert Nisbet, an influential conservative sociologist -- and "conservative sociologist" almost sound like an oxymoron -- wrote in his book Community and Power, "The power of war to create a sense of moral meaning is one of the most frightening aspects of the 20th century...one of the most impressive aspects of contemporary war is the intoxicating atmosphere of spiritual unity that arises out of the common consciousness of participating in a moral crusade."

The book, indeed all of his books, is about the alienation that comes from the loss of community. Such as loss always happens with the expansion of the State. As it expands, it destroys all the intermediary institutions such as religion, neighborhoods and families. Finally, what could be left is nothing between people and the State. There are various names for such a condition -- fascism, communism, Nazism. The State becomes everything, and people become absorbed into it. Think of the Borg.

Writers such as Erich Fromm and Erik von Kuehnelt-Leddihn have pointed out many people want to be absorbed into a group as an escape from their alienation. It gives them a sense of community and security. Nisbet adds there is something else -- such people don't give up their individuality in these groups, but instead exalt their selves, as they now believe they are part of something they believe is much larger than they are.

They become, you might call it, a community of deluded self-worshippers. They believe the group itself it god-like, or blessed of God, so they partake of that "divinity" by being part of the group. They are literally worshipping their selves, a worship that always means those outside of the group are devalued into sub-humans whose murders are dismissed as "collateral damage."

As Russell Kirk noted, "the monstrous self is the source of all evil." The Nazis, the communists, and the fascists were that monstrous self writ large. I believe this is why Kuehnelt-Leddihn wrote, "'I' is from God and 'We' is from the Devil." That "We" can only be of the Devil when the State destroys the intermediary institutions, and the only "We" left is the combination of the people and the State.

During long-term warfare society becomes militarized and in doing so damages, destroys or absorbs such intermediary institutions as churches. Then we end up with disgraces such as the Satan-worshipping Jerry Falwell claiming "God is pro war," which of course means God supports only the wars of the United States.

When the interests of religion and the interests of the State coalesce into supporting the same unjust wars, what we have left is no true religion at all. The State instead becomes God on Earth. War then becomes the fist of that god, one to smite the "wicked."

"When the goals and values of a war are popular," writes Nisbet, "both in the sense of mass participation and spiritual devotion, the historic, institutional limits of war tend to recede further and further into the void. The enemy becomes not only a ready scapegoat for all ordinary dislikes and frustrations; he becomes the symbol of total evil which the forces of good may mobilize themselves into a militant community."

In short, war can give meaning, importance and community -- and an intoxicating power -- to some people's lives. That makes it a religion, a false one based on hubris and being drunk with power. Power does more than just corrupt; it intoxicates. In The Lord of the Rings it was that power that turned Smeagol into Gollum. The same thing could happen to people in reality.

Always ignored, of course, is what war does to those on the receiving end. If not ignored, then rationalized. "The nationalist not only does not disapprove of atrocities committed by his own side, but he has a remarkable capacity for not even hearing about them," noticed George Orwell.

This meaning and community -- this religion -- is a false one, destined to bring disillusionment and destruction to those who believe in it. War is a false god. Perhaps sometimes war is unavoidable, but it is an idol that can never give true meaning to a person's life.


Quartermain said...

For a little more background on LBJ:


Anonymous said...

Great piece.

Glen Filthie said...

Time for another food fight here at the Treehouse, I see.

War and tyranny are the default social conditions for man. America will never win another "war" as long as leftists and peaceniks have a say in how that war is waged. Countries that cannot make war always fall to those that can. These are not opinions, they are facts that have been borne out by history repeatedly.

Under the influence of naïve elderly hippies like our host, America's ability to wage war and project power are in serious decline. Bob will happily describe these tribal influences on Americans and deride them and forget entirely that these same impulses and pressures are at work on our enemies - and, unlike us, they will move to act on them with fervor and zeal, even at the cost of their own lives. It comforts me to think that many of the victims on 911 were liberals, libertarians and pacifists reaping the rewards of their idiotic ideology. Rot in peace, bungholes, HAR HAR HAR!

What do you do when some fig farming goat felchers hijack planes and fly them into your economic and military nerve centres, Bob? Because of guys like you and Bill Clinton - the fuggin rag heads thought they could do stuff like that and get away with it in the first place!

George Bush was exactly right to go after Iraq and Afghanistan, unilaterally if necessary. We are gonna have to take a good hard look at Iran pretty quick too. These warrior cultures breed hard men that know weaklings when they see them - that's why moslem mudflaps are mass raping and murdering your women and kids every other week now, and why the Black Lice Matter crowd are shooting at cops.

If you think Donald Trump is gonna keep America out of foreign bush wars... you have another thing coming!

Bush did the correct thing in attacking those sand boxes but he goofed when he chose to stay and occupy them. I'm tempted to offer Trump my services as a military advisor, quite frankly. If Trump were smart he would adopt the Filthie Doctrine to moslem and other gangster nations and gov'ts. Re-running the Gulf Wars, for example, the correct course of action would be to flatten any military resistance in Iraq or Afghanistan - and then simply leave! The rag heads could sit in the ruins of their second stone age picking up the pieces. Countries condoning and abetting terrorism would have their American assets seized, sanctions imposed, with meaningful threats of death and destruction for any foreigner that dares to trifle with American citizens and American property.

Who was it? Franklin? Who left you a free republic, provided you could hold it? Well, you elderly flower children of the 70's, you geriatric peaceniks and your idiot children... you're losing your grip and everyone but you can see it.

Rationalizing weakness in the face of strength and aggression, Bob? How can you purport to lecture us on manliness...?

And now I'll show myself out, before the inevitable shower of feces and rotten froot starts getting thrown my way! :)