Unfortunately they're almost all in STEM (science, technology, engineering, math). Close to four million openings, if I remember correctly.
Last I heard, universities only produce about 40,00 STEM graduates a year, which is why companies are trying to import STEM graduates to fill these positions.
Unfortunately the world is not producing enough of these people, and it's not going to, considering how many people in the world have low IQs - which is overwhelmingly genetic. And some of the people who are qualified want to remain in their homelands.
This lack of qualified people, of course, retards our innovation and advancement. Right now, with our terrible schools, with all our dropouts, with our terrible lack of high-paying non-STEM jobs, we still overwhelmingly lead the world in Research and Development.
Bill Gates, who is obsessed with IQ, once said his biggest competitors were companies that offered high-paying careers in financial services.
I had reason to visit the first university I attended. At that time the engineering department was one floor. Now it has its own three-story building. How many graduates a year do they produce? I don't know, but I'd say about 100.
This lack of qualified people is so profound you don't have to go to college anymore - just get a certificate in computers/software, some of which take six months, or even less. I know of one, as a Data Analyst, that takes ten months, with one class a month. Ten classes and start at $50,000 a year!
Stanford is considered the most innovative university in the U.S. How many students can make it into Stanford? Not many. Do they have a shortage of smart-enough people? Probably.
For one thing, there is a horrendous mismatch between what schools produce and what businesses need.
I graduated from a university that produced the largest number of teachers in a very large state. I was appalled at the stupidity of the education students, who were about 99% women. And these people are teaching our kids? What can they possibly teach them that is relevant?
I can guarantee you the public schools think they are doing a fine job. They're not, and haven't been for a long time (let's put it this way - hierarchies are the enemy of innovation. And school is nothing but hierarchies).
It's been a long time since I graduated high school, but even then its ability to educate students was appalling (I considered it a boring prison, which is why I partied on the weekends). And when I was in middle school (which at that time was called junior high), well, it, too, was appalling.
Incidentally, one of my friends once asked me, "Was junior high a kind of hell for you?" Yes, it was: it was a war zone. In junior high I spent my time fighting or trying to avoid them, and in high school daydreaming and getting high on weekends. And why was I in school with morons who couldn't be educated? (The stupid always drag down the smart - it's easier to sink than swim.)
Is it any different now? I doubt it. No wonder so many kids drop out of high school. More than a million a year.
I can remember getting into my file in probably eighth grade. I found a special notation - "IQ 126." I was shocked, since I didn't feel smart (an IQ of 126 is in the ninety-fifth percentile).
Did anyone in the entire school system do anything about me? Not one teacher, to the day I graduated. It's not that I fell through the cracks - no one was concerned. I guess they thought I was supposed to do everything on my own, which is basically what I did.
Speaking of IQ, does America have sufficient brainpower to fill all these jobs? I don't know. But I do know that of those that do, many don't want careers in STEM. They don't like it.
And it doesn't help that politicians have slaughtered so many of our young in meaningless wars.
What we have is a socialized school system trying to graduate students to work in the free market. Say what? What sort of moron came up with that idea?
And now these fools are coming up with Common Core. Good luck with that.
When I was in sixth grade the math and reading curriculum was revamped (this happens about every 20 years). All it did is put everyone behind, the way Common Core is going to put students behind.
I've mentioned before that Laura Ingalls Wilder, who wrote "The Little House on the Prairie" books, started teaching school at 15. And when did polymaths such as Benjamin Franklin start their apprenticeships? 12?
Eric Hoffer, who wrote several books such as the famous The True Believer, made his living during the Great Depression as a tramp picking crops. Sometimes living in hobo camps, he once wrote that he found this country "is lousy with talent" (which is from his The Ordeal of Change).
He's right. We're just missing out on it keeping kids in school for 12 years (which is just babysitting) and preventing them from growing up and using their talents.
I see public school as a pipeline - kids go in at the beginning and come out at the end 13 years later still not trained for modern jobs. Unfortunately, as things stand now, there are an awful lots of leaks in the pipe. Gushers, actually.
I have found it's not all that hard to predict the future, in a general way. Science and technology are advancing so fast they're going to fulfill Arthur C. Clarke's predictions about any technology sufficiently advanced is indistinguishable from magic (and it was the late James P. Hogan who informed me that any science that is true automatically turns itself into technology).
And at the same time we're getting an enormous government heading towards collapse, or else becoming totalitarian, as all governments do. They always collapse, too.
So, of course, we're living in "interesting times," which is an old ironic Chinese curse.